Windows 10 and Ubuntu are PC operating systems. Windows 10 is an OS developed by Microsoft and released on July 15, 2015. It is the most popular operating system. Ubuntuis an open-source OS released by Canonical Ltd. in October 2004. Its latest release is Ubuntu 19.04. Many people want to know about Ubuntu vs Windows 10. This post will show you that. When it comes to Ubuntu vs Windows, each of them has its special advantages. Therefore, in this part, I will briefly cover the biggest differences between Ubuntu and Windows 10.

1. Cost

Ubuntu is an open-source operating system. Which means, you can get it for free.

As for Windows, it is closed-source and not free. If you build your computer by yourself, you should pay for Windows. If your computer is running an old version of Windows and you want to upgrade it to Windows 10, you should also pay for Windows 10. In a word, in most situation, you should pay for it.

Windows 10 will cost you $119.99 for the Home edition and $199.99 for the Professional edition. However, there is a case exception: if you buy a new computer from shop, this computer will come with Windows 10 and will not cost you additional money.

2. Hardware Requirement and Compatibility

When it comes to Windows vs Ubuntu hardware requirements and compatibility, these two factors should be discussed, respectively.

The required hardware to run Ubuntu or Windows is quite similar. Windows vs Ubuntu hardware requirements are shown like the following chart:

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As for Ubuntu vs Windows hardware compatibility, apparently, Windows has wider hardware compatibility, because it has the largest group of computer users. However, Ubuntu has its own advantages on hardware compatibility. Relying on the Linux kernel, Ubuntu adheres to the principle that compatibility should never be broken. Therefore, if a hardware device worked once on a Linux-based operating system, it will work forever. As for Windows, newer versions of Windows may be not compatible with older device drivers. Hence, you should always update your hardware.

3. Software

As the most popular OS, Windows has wider software compatibility than Ubuntu. However, running it will use more resources than Ubuntu. For example, Windows 10 may use almost double the amount of RAM as Ubuntu. This may be vital if your computer has low RAM. On the other hand, although many programs are not available for Ubuntu, you can find alternatives for those applications you are used to in Windows. What’s more, most Ubuntu’s applications are free. However, as for Ubuntu vs Windows 10 gaming, it is still the area where Windows is definitely better than Ubuntu. Although you can still play games on Ubuntu, these games are unlikely to run faster in Ubuntu than in Windows. But apart from games, almost every software runs faster in Ubuntu.

4. UI Customization

Windows 10 allows you to change the color theme, the cursor and icon themes, the wallpaper, and start menu colors. However, Ubuntu has more customizable options than Windows. It allows you to personalize virtually every single element of your UI/UX, from your notification sounds, popup style, fonts, system animations, and workspaces.

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5. Security

In terms of Windows vs Ubuntu security, Ubuntu is more secure than Windows, because it has a smaller user community than Windows and it provides user accounts with fewer permissions than Windows.

6. Privacy

As for privacy, Windows doesn’t take privacy seriously. On Windows, the majority of privacy-intrusive behavior cannot be disabled. Contrary to Windows, Ubuntu is far more privacy-focused than it. Most Linux distributions will not collect your data at all.

7. Operating Habits

Windows allows users to complete all operations with the mouse and keyboard. Therefore, the user is easy to get started and its user community is mainly ordinary user and game player.

However, Ubuntu requires user to learn some command lines. Therefore, getting started is more difficult and its user community is mainly programmers who have pursued the UI, researchers, and technical personnel.

8. Support

Microsoft has provided critical support and services for Windows users. In addition, some local PC repair shops and websites also provide help for Windows users.

As for Ubuntu users, they can seek out help online, for example, forums, chat rooms, and websites dedicated to helping people learn and understand Linux.

If you know more difference about Ubuntu vs Windows 10, please feel free to share.